Become A Successful Engineer, Engineering has always been a highly sought-after job in developed and developing countries. These jobs pay a good salary, provide nice perks, and offer a significant social status. 

However, as easy as it may sound, engineering is never an easy subject. But, there is no looking back once you acquire a degree in engineering. The process of completing an engineering program is full of challenges. But, choosing the right subjects at the beginning of the program can make the entire engineering journey easier for you. 

On that note, here is the list of subjects that you need to study to become an engineer –


Physical Science is an elementary version of Physics available in most school syllabuses. However, physics is fundamental to know if you want to study engineering. It gives you the fundamental knowledge you need for any kind of technological advancement. 

Physics helps you to develop problem-solving abilities. You learn how to think logically and scientifically about any problems. It vastly enhances the intellectual quotient of the students, and there is no way to deny that you cannot be an engineer if you cannot understand physics.


Chemistry is another subject that many engineers swear upon. It is native to think that chemistry is only important to chemical engineers. Chemistry is an essential part of the curriculum for civil engineers as well. They need to understand the composition of building materials and how they may react to environmental factors. For example, rains and damp weather can affect the building exterior adversely. The metals used in the construction of the building may get prone to rusting and get weak. Understanding chemistry helps to tackle the structure’s durability, corrosion of the metals, and withstanding the climatic factors.


Mathematics is kind of omnipresent in everything we see around us. Unsurprisingly, mathematics is there in every branch of engineering as well. Mechanical engineers, civil engineers, even biological engineers need to use mathematics in some way or other. Engineers heavily use Calculus, linear analysis, regression analysis, statistics, and geometry concepts in their line of work. 

Civil engineers need a lot of mathematical equations to study the chemical composition of building materials. You need to calculate the correct chemical equation to measure the material strengths and to decide the right materials for the project.


Biology is a lesser-explored subject for engineers. Bioengineering is not something you see every day apparently; however, you will find the impact of bioengineering in mostly pharma sectors. Biological Engineering focuses on applying principles of engineering to solve biological problems. A bio engineer analyses animals, plants, and microbes with various machines, apparatus, and processes designed by humans for those specific tasks. The relevance of biology in engineering is underrated as biology helps us make a “sustainable” ecosystem.

Computer Science

Computer engineers are synonymous with engineering. This is because they are the ones to provide innovative solutions with their software and hardware knowledge. Computer Science is a dynamic subject and keeps on updating almost every month. Their ability to keep learning and studying various articles and journals proves beneficial later when they apply for engineering.

Information Technology

The end goal of every business is to generate profit. Information Technology is the best avenue to get the tasks faster and better. IT is aided with the latest cutting-edge technologies and software. If you study IT, you are more likely to excel in engineering since you will have a clear overview of the tools and software.

IT can be found in engineering in many other ways. For example, engineers often use powerful computers to simulate hazardous situations. In addition, supercomputers are used to process huge chunks of data in structural engineering, weather forecasting, and physical and chemical applications.


Electrical engineers are always the frontman in any technological advancement in practical life. They are the mainstays who improve our systems and devices of regular use. Their contribution can be seen in the mobile phone we hold in our hands to the solar-powered machines for heavy-duty activities. 

Engineering, especially electronic engineering, deals with many integrated circuits, transistors, and electronic models. Electronics enable the students to be habituated with the electromagnetic spectrum and how the electronic models work. This knowledge helps them a lot in engineering later on.

Information Practices

Although not many schools were aware of this concept even a few years back, the latest revolution in the information sector has paved the way for such subjects. As a result, many schools encourage students to take up information practices as it is genuinely one of the most booming sectors to work in. Not to mention, Information practices are an interesting thing to learn as well. 

What is Information Practice? It is about getting familiar with computer jargon, operations, and terminologies. This subject tries to teach the students the details about generating queries in a database. It also helps students attain practical knowledge of computer peripherals and how a computer system works. This also targets to educate the students about Relational Databases.

Information Practice has been introduced at the school level because the faculties have identified its long-term benefits. It has been seen that dealing with complex computing systems enhances the student’s analytical and reasoning skills. They also get creative about solving problems and coming up with unique ideas. An engineer needs to be creative and analytical while giving solutions. So, this subject lays a solid base while ticking all the boxes required to be a good engineer.

Technical Vocational Subjects

These subjects are various courses that are created and dedicated solely for practical studies and their implications. These are usually qualification certifications that aim for generalisation rather than specialisation. Vocational courses shape you to be an expert in practical skills and knowledge. They include a mixed bag experience for the students. This is because they try to mix both practical and written examinations. 

Technical subjects like technology, engineering needs on-field experience. The real-life implications of software or a machine cannot be learned totally from the books. Technical vocational subjects expose the students to these kinds of experiences from a very early age. Since they get familiar with the basic idea of how a piece of machinery or a supercomputer operates, they do not get startled or overwhelmed when they face similar situations in the professional world. 


Biotechnology is an advanced form of biology. Biotechnology deals with a division of biology where it exceeds the boundaries of biology and fuses with engineering. Biotechnology use applied technology and various other subdivisions that can connect many other branches of study. 

Biotechnology Engineering is an upcoming discipline in this sector. Bioengineering combines the best of the two verticals where the research and development of biology get fused with the technical education of engineering. 

Experts have touted Biotechnology as the perfect medley of chemistry, engineering, genetics, microbiology, and biochemistry. Moreover, its extensive usage in various socio-economic aspects makes it an important subject. For example, scientists use biotechnology engineering for environmental protection, improving the mortality rate of humans, and improving crop yields for farmers.


You may wonder how engineering has crept inside agriculture? People associate agriculture with something entirely different. When we hear agriculture, the first thing that comes to our mind is farmers and fields of crops. However, if we shift our focus and look at the processes behind agriculture, we will find the huge potential of engineering behind a good yield of crops. 

The pesticides farmers use, and the mixed medicines with the irrigation waters all require agro engineering concepts. Not only that, but most big farmers also use heavy machinery for their farming and harvesting. Engineering has a big impact in developing the technology, the science behind the structures, agricultural machinery, and any types of equipment that the farmers use to improve the production of the crops.

Agricultural Engineering is essentially the fusion of biology, a bit of biotechnology, and the principles of engineering. For example, you cannot make anything from a tractor to bio-gas without the help of engineering. So having knowledge of Agricultural science is also essential to study Engineering.

Business Studies

Engineers are not only about having the technical skills to innovate and provide solutions. They require soft skills as well. While the technical skills may provide the engineers with the necessary edge over their peers or competitors, soft skills help them deal with the clients and survive the corporate atmosphere. 

Business Studies make the engineers well aware of negotiation skills and better communication skills. It is believed that engineers really need to be on top of their business skills to perform their duties. Engineers often become the top bosses and excellent business leaders for this reason. 

Many business studies students shift to engineering after school to follow their passion. However, their past knowledge remains with them. That knowledge helps them with the extra push to reach managerial positions in a company.

What makes engineering a strong career option?

Engineers are an asset to society. The world consists of notable structures, buildings, and architectures due to the planning and calculations of engineers. They use relevant mathematical and scientific principles to provide solutions to various kinds of technical problems. 

Engineering is a diverse vertical. Engineering exists in almost every aspect of our society. It is deep-rooted in various disciplines like environmental, civil, chemical, electrical, mechanical, petroleum, etc. Besides the higher payscale and great career opportunities, a degree in engineering also secures your career. 

What does it take to be an engineer?

You need to identify your strengths and weaknesses beforehand. Ask yourself if you really have that zeal to be an engineer in the future. Experts have identified a four-step rule for every budding engineer.

  • Do you really have what it takes to be an engineer?
  • Can you continue with the required education?
  • Getting into the Engineering Program
  • What is the road map after doing Engineering?

To work in any branch of engineering, you need to have mastery over mathematics and science subjects. Therefore, make sure that subjects like chemistry, biology, physics, calculus, algebra, geometry are part of your curriculum. Having these subjects in your school courses will help you to set the foundation for the advanced courses you are likely to face in colleges.

Having certain soft skills is an added bonus for an aspiring engineer. You need to have critical thinking abilities, and analytical attitude, and a problem solver. You can only be a good engineer if you can look at a problem with the objective of solving it in the best way possible. You must also be comfortable with working in a team and brainstorming ideas to provide solutions. You need to work upon your orating skills as well as listening abilities.

Parting Thoughts

The basic concept of Engineering is always about being able to solve those issues that have been bothering us. Engineers try to solve all those problems, thus making our lives safe, simple, productive, and ensuring we stay happy. Be it manufacturing, transportation, or even winning battles, engineering has always played a pivotal role in our society through the pages of history.

Even today, engineering is guiding us in every step to develop new machines, devices, and software with the aim to solve the most complex issues we face. For example, mechanical engineers and robotics experts are working tirelessly to create upgraded versions of robots that can perform the riskiest tasks, thus ensuring a safety net over human lives. Robots can now save humans from trapped mines or disarm explosives accurately. These kinds of activities that seemed impossible at one point in time have now been made possible through rigorous research and testing. And we can only thank the engineers for that.

So, if you want to become an engineer in the future, you need to start working towards that goal early in life. We have tried to give you an idea about which subjects may help you to study engineering. You must try to master at least one of these subjects, if not more, if you want to study engineering in the future.

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By Veena

She has 7 years of experience writing about technology, education and business. Her experience in the tech industry (Fieldengineer, wowtechub, Tech360d, Techinfobeez) has taught her how to write engaging, informative content that makes complex issues accessible to a wide audience. Follow her on LinkedIn

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